Thank you, Melbourne, for the peeking rays of sunshine—we’re readier than ever for Summer!

One thing, however, that we all must not forget is our dear skin. We’ve all heard the ‘Slip, Slop, Slap’ advice for years on end, but how seriously are we taking it?

We chatted to beauty educator Pam Smirnios on how to take care of our skin this summer. 

According to Pam, Australia is actually the strictest country in the world when it comes to sun protection ratings and formulations given how close we are to the ozone layer.

Let’s take a look at the facts:

  1. Anyone 12 months or older should use sun protection daily.
  2. Soaking up the Vitamin D? Did you know that sun damage is one of the highest causes of premature ageing in skin?  After only 20 minutes in the sun, benefits that come from absorbing Vitamin D are trumped by the damage of the UV Rays! Yikes.
  3. The SPF in your makeup is generally not enough sun protection for your face. While it may be enough for a quick drive or taking a short walk outside, you'll need something stronger for longer periods of sun exposure. You'd probably need to use three times the amount of makeup than you normally use in order to get enough sun protection. 
  4. Make sure you look out for not only UVB, but also UVA. For those who don’t know, UVB relates to the shorter rays that cause redness and UVA relates to the effects of ageing. Also, UVA is the main wavelength that damages collagen and melanin in the skin, thus causing earlier signs of ageing and pigmentation. Nobody wants that, do we?
  5. Reapplying is just as important as initially applying!

So, let’s take a look at what SPF actually means...

SPF stands for sun protection factor. Think of it like this: we generally have 15+, 30+ and 50+ available here in Australia. These numbers are in relation to the amount of time it takes your skin to turn red. Essentially, if your skin takes 5 minutes to go red, a 15+ SPF will give you 15 times longer before your skin goes red. Make sense? Okay, great. Moving on from the maths… our brains hurt too.

Okay, so what’s the difference between chemical and physical sunscreens?


Physical sunscreens create a physical barrier between the sun and your skin. Ideal for sensitive skin and children.

Like zinc, physical sunscreen allows UV rays to bounce off your skin, thus not being able to penetrate into the deeper layers (dermis), slowing down ageing.

PROS: More natural option to deal with sunscreen, better prevention option for burning, UVB and UVA not entering skin as freely, great for sensitive skin and for kids, great for going to the beach, in the sun for a prolonged period of time, better for those with heat activated skin (rosacea), longer shelf life

CONS: Can make your skin appear white (although there may be tinted), some people can be allergic, feels a bit more greasy on oilier skin, flashback in photos, doesn’t spread as easily

Ingredients to look for: Zinc Oxide, Titanium Dioxide


Chemical sunscreens penetrate the epidermis and dermis within the skin, using chemical compounds within the skin along with on the surface to absorb the sun’s rays before they can penetrate the dermis and as a result, damage your precious skin!

PROS: Doesn’t leave your skin white, flash photo friendly, easy for skincare companies to incorporate within a moisturiser, it can be incorporated with a physical sunscreen to create a double level of protection, less sunscreen is needed and spreads more easily on the skin

CONS: Less natural, more likely to cause sensitivities, not the best form of sunscreen for people with allergies to sunscreen, needs at least 20 minutes to sit on the skin before it becomes active, higher SPF, more chances of reacting.

Which type of sunscreen is right for you?

The Flash Photography Lover - It’s a MYTH that all sunscreens will cause ‘flashback’ in your photos on a balmy afternoon. Opt for a chemical based SPF (not Zinc). This will not flash-back and will still protect your skin!

The Oh-So Sensitive - Can’t borrow your besties sunscreen because it turns your skin redder than sunburn? Try a mineral (or some zinc) based sunscreen. We love Mecca Cosmetica’s ‘To Save Face SPF 30 Mineral Gel Cream’ that not only is lightweight but also protects against both UVA and UVBs. P.S - it wears beautifully under makeup.  We love UltraCeuticals Sunscreen Range which contains Bisabolol that provides soothing properties.

The Sporty Spice -  Love a daily run in the sunshine or swimming in the beach? Opt for a physical/zinc based sunscreen to beat the burn. We love Wot Not’s Facial Sunscreen, along with Invisible Zinc and The Cancer Council.

The Baby Mama -  Get physical! Sunscreen… that is. For the pregnant ladies out there, we know how much your baby’s health, along with your skin matters. Firstly, don’t put down the sunscreen straight away - pregnancy hormones can cause pigmentation (chloasma) so protecting your skin from sun damage as much as possible will help control how dark your skin goes. Secondly, make sure your SPF doesn’t list oxybenzone in its ingredients. This chemical that absorbs into your skin has been linked to low birth weights and can interfere with the body’s hormones  - so best we avoid it.

P.S. - Don’t forget about your lips!

Lips can get burnt too! Who knew? As well as this, an SPF can actually help to heal cracks, redness… you name it.

Look out for a lip balm that contains SPF to truly nourish your precious pout over summer.